Learn Japanese – Very important Japanese: Yo, Ne y No

Learn Japanese effortlessly! By now you know that some of the most important words in a language are only a few letters long. In English, some examples are “no”, “or” and “yes”. Japanese is no different. If you want to speak clearly and concisely, there are a few words, with a few letters each, that you need to know. In this Japanese article for beginners, you will master yo, ne, and no. Each of these simple Japanese words can completely change the way you sound. For example, you can use yo to express a strong conviction, ne to provoke a question of etiquette and not to show possession. As you can imagine, it is impossible to speak Japanese correctly and clearly without these three critical particles. Find all the useful sample phrases and graphics you need here!

Vocabulary: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

iyaringu – “earrings”

anata – “you”

anata no – “yours yours”

watashi no – “My mine”

totem – “very …” (adverb)

kirei (n / A) – “beautiful” (-na adjective)

Tifanii – “Tiffany’s” (jewelry brand)

oshare (n / A) – “elegant, elegantly dressed” (-na adjective)

taipu – “type of one”

milestone – “people”

otoshimasu – “drop, lose” (masu form)

Grammar: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

Useful vocabulary

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totem – “very”

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Totem is an adverb of degree that corresponds to “very”.

Let’s also look at some other adverbs of degree.

High grade  [“small” = chiisai ]

Sugoku / Sugoku chiisai

Totem / Chiisai Totem

Honootni / Hontooni chiisai

Medium grade

Maamaa / Maamaa chiisai

Low grade

Sukoshi / Sukoshi chiisai

Chotto / Chotto chisai

Gramatical point

In this article, we are going to go over three things.

  1. Particles: I do not, Y Not
  2. Formal past form of a verb
  3. Use of adjectives

Particles: I do not Y Not

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Was born

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me it is an ending-sentence particle that the speaker uses to express a strong conviction about something or to state something emphatically.

Was born is a final sentence particle that acts as an etiquette question that is used to elicit a response from the listening party, usually confirmation or agreement with the speaker’s statement, regarding a matter of mutual knowledge.

Compare the following sentences.

  1. Kore wa oishii desu.

    “This is tasty.”

  2. me: Kore wa oishii desu yo.

    “This is delicious, I’m telling you.”

  3. Was born: Kore wa oishii desu ne.

    “This is tasty, isn’t it?”

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We use the particle Not between two nouns, indicating that the first noun owns the second noun or that the first noun modifies the second. Review the uses of the particle. Not that we have learned so far.


Kore wa watashi Not kuruma desu.


Kore wa Toyota Not kuruma desu.


Kuruma wa eki Not mae ni arimasu.

Formal Past Form of a Verb

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To create the formal past form of a verb, replace the ending -masu with –mashita. Look at the examples to be continued.

“English” / -masu Form / Formal Past Form

“to go” / ikimasu / ikimashita

“eat” / tabemasu / tabemashita

“to do” / shimasu / shimashita

Use of adjectives

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Kirei desu ne.

Kirei na iyaringu desu ne.

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Review the pronominal and predicate uses of adjectives in the following table.

I-adjective: atarashii (“new”)

  1. Pronoun use (adjective before the noun):

    atarashii kuruma

    “new car”

  2. Using predicates:

    Kono kuruma wa atarashii desu.

    “This car is new.”

n / A-adjective: shizuka (calm “)  

  1. Pronoun use (adjective before the noun):

    shizuka n / A kuruma.

    “silent car”

  2. Using predicates:

    Kono kuruma wa shizuka desu. “This car is silent.”

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Practice 1

Change the following sentences to the past tense.

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  1. Watashi wa byooin ni ikimasu. (byooin means “hospital”)
  2. Watashi wa soba or tabemasu. (soba means “buckwheat noodles”)
  3. Watashi wa kutsu or kaimasu. (kutsu means “shoes”)

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Practice 2

Rewrite the following sentences as shown in the example.

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  • Kono iyaringu wa takai desu.
  • Write again: Kore wa takai iyaringu desu.
  1. Kono iyaringu wa kirei desu.


  2. Kono soba wa oishii desu.


  3. Kono kutsu wa ookii desu.


  4. Kono tesuto wa kantan desu. (tesuto means test “) ______________________________________________________________

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